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IPA I

IPA Component I: Transition Assistance and Institution Building

Component I

Component I offers transition assistance and institutional capacity building. It is available to candidates and potential candidates. Component I offers technical support to institutions in integration-related reforms.

This type of support transfers the vest practices of countries that already went through the integration process and are now EU members. Montenegro has been using the Component I funds since 2007 through various projects gathered under annual programmes.

So far, Component I funds were used in Montenegro through the following national programmes: IPA 2007, IPA 2008, IPA 2009, IPA 2010, IPA 2011, IPA 2012 i IPA 2013.

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IPA Component II: Cross-Border Cooperation

Cross-border cooperation is a framework for faster economic integration whose objective is to reduce existing differences, raise the level of cross-border regions' development, as well as improve overall cultural, social, and scientific cooperation between local and regional communities.

Specific objectives of cross-border cooperation are:
  1. Develop tourism as key sector of cross-border economy;
  2. Promote cross-border cooperation in trade as well as access to new markets;
  3. Re-establish cross-border ties between organisations that provide support to business and trade in order to promote cooperation initiatives;
  4. Maintain good quality of the cross-border regions' environment and economic resources by cooperating in environmental protection and utilisation initiatives;
  5. Strengthening economic and sports ties between people in order to strengthen inter-ethnic, educational, cultural, and sports ties and make equal use of the areas of mutual interest;
  6. Ensuring equal opportunities for all;
  7. Respecting specific needs of vulnerable groups, persons with disabilities, and/or national minorities;
  8. Environmental and heritage protection in order to ensure sustainable development;
  9. Development of partnerships and joint activity.
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IPA Component III : Regional Development

IPA Component III offers support in regional development in the following areas: environmental protection, sustainable development, transport and SMEs, and competitiveness. The right to use the Component III funds is reserved only for candidate countries, following adoption of certain policy documents and the decentralisation of management systems. By receiving a candidate status in 2010, Montenegro qualified for Component III. Unlike the projects under Component I, which are drafted as individual project forms, the basis for using Component III funds is an operational programme, drafted each two years and offering a comprehensive overview of IPA spending through various priorities, measures, and operations.

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IPA Component IV: Human Resource Development

IPA Component IV offers support in the following areas of human resources development: employment, education, science and research, and societal development. The right to use the Component IV funds is reserved only for candidate countries, following adoption of certain policy documents and the decentralisation of management systems. By receiving a candidate status in 2010, Montenegro qualified for Component IV. Similar to projects under Component III, the basis for using Component IV funds is an operational programme, usually drafted each two years and offering a comprehensive overview of IPA spending through various priorities, measures, and operations.

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IPA Component V: Rural Development

IPA Component V offers support to candidate countries in the area of agriculture and rural development, with the view to preparing them for the administration of the Common Agriculture Policy (CAP). By receiving candidate status in 2010, Montenegro qualified for using Component V funds. In addition to receiving candidate status, notable preconditions for using these funds are the adoption of strategic and programme documents, as well as meeting the criteria for receiving accreditation for indirect management system.

An operational structure comprised of the Management Body and the Agency for Payments (IPARD Agency), management and control system (the National Fund) have been established. Additionally, a key document necessary for using the funds from this component is the IPARD Programme, which is being drafted currently and whose adoption is expected in 2015.

It is planned that Montenegro will be operationally ready to start using the IPA Component V funds in early 2016.

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