The EU acquis in this chapter consists of a sub-area that is complementary to one another:
- Trans-European transport
- The trans-European energy network
The Trans-European Transport Network aims to connect major cities, economic centers, ports and airports with more remote areas, both in nation states and across the EU.
The Trans-European Energy Network is a network of energy systems across the EU with the aim of securing a secure energy supply and expanding the energy market.
When was the chapter opened?
The chapter 21 was opened on 22th June 2015 at the Intergovernmental Conference in Luxembourg.
Within negotiation chapter 21, Montenegro need to fulfill the following benchmarks:
1. Montenegro and the European Commission have agreed on the future TEN-T network concerning Montenegro, according to Regulation (EU) No 1315/2013 on Union guidelines for the development of the trans-European transport network.
2. Montenegro and the European Commission have agreed on a list of priority projects in the transport sector in line with Regulation (EU) No 1316/2013 establishing the Connecting Europe Facility.
3. Montenegro demonstrates the institutional and administrative capacity needed to undertake the responsibilities referred to in the Regulation (EU) No 1316/2013 establishing the Connecting Europe Facility.
What are the activities in the coming period?
What is the basis for further progress at the negotiations in this chapter is good neighborly cooperation, which is reflected in the definition of projects of regional importance that countries will jointly work on. In the forthcoming period, Montenegro have to strengthen its administrative and institutional capacities through regular educations and trainings and new employment, depending on needs.
Institutions/organizations participating in the negotiation group?
The negotiator for Chapter 21, as well as the Head of the Working Group, is selected from the representatives of the Ministry of Transport and Maritime Affairs, while the contact person for Working Group is selected from the representatives of the European Integration Office.
In addition to representatives of the Ministry of Transport and Maritime Affairs, members of the Working Group also are representatives of the following bodies and organizations: Ministry of Economy, NGO Center for European education, Directorate for Railways and L.L.C. Monteput.
What is the benefit to Montenegro of this chapter?
The benefits of this chapter will be felt by the Montenegrin citizens on the day of accession. By connecting the roads to the main network, we will get faster and safer transportation of passengers and goods, removal of bottlenecks and better frequency. In addition, the transmission systems will be improved, and thus a better supply of energy will be provided.
As this chapter is closely related to Chapter 14 – Transport Policy and Chapter 15 – Energy, progress in them will also mean progress in Chapter 21. The huge importance of trans-European networks is reflected in the possibility of significant infrastructure projects being implemented with the financial support of the EU.