The EU acquis in this area aims to ensure a high level of protection for consumer health, and health and well-being of animals and plants, whilst at the same time preventing the spread of infectious and parasite diseases and organisms harmful to the plants in Montenegro and the European Union.
The EU applies an integrated approach “from the field to the table,” which includes three mutually supporting parts:
- Food safety (hygiene rules for foodstuff production and distribution, official control and mechanisms for ensuring food safety);
- Veterinary policy: rules on animals and animal products distribution, animal health, official control of third-country imports, and monitoring of animal migration;
- Phytosanitary oversight: rules on the control of harmful organisms in plants and plant materials, market placement of plant protection products, seeds and planting materials, control of pesticide residue in plant products.
This Chapter also includes regulations related to genetically modified organisms (GMOs).